Intelligent test post can convey the collected data to Internet data base via various communications methods (such as GPRS, wired and wireless transmission) and mark the test post on the map interface by its GPS location to realize visual operation. Intelligent test post can use a variety of power supply mode (battery, solar power. It is regularly in dormancy and can be waked up in a setting time. Then the control center will send data acquisition and time calibration order. The acquisition instrument transmits the protected potential and battery capacity to monitor and adjusts the clock time same as the server.